Newfoundland and Labrador provide the world’s most accessible iceberg viewing. These frozen monoliths float by our shores every summer and can easily be seen from land…and up close with Iceberg Quest!
There’s more to an iceberg than just a floating mountain of ice. Each iceberg is a testament to history and always hide much more than they reveal above the surface of the water.
“The tip of the iceberg” is an apt common expression. Indeed, 90% of an iceberg is below the surface — an iceberg that appears to be 50 feet tall above the surface is actually close to 500 feet tall!
Icebergs are also more than just frozen freshwater. Originating from Greenland glaciers, each iceberg that passes Newfoundland took over 10,000 years to create, sometimes even 15,000 to 20,000 years! When you see an iceberg, you are looking into the depths of prehistory.
Icebergs range in size from “Very Large” (that’s a technical term), which are more than 200 feet wide to “Growlers,” which are less than 15 feet wide.
Shapes also vary from iceberg to iceberg. They can come in tabular shape, dome shape, wedge shape, dry dock (which has a channel of water through it), and pinnacle shaped. These shapes are created by the iceberg’s slow melt as it travels southward. This melting will also create caves, tunnels, and reveal streaks of transparent blue ice.